Home > Uncategorized > Weekly QuEST Discussion Topics and News, 16 Sept

Weekly QuEST Discussion Topics and News, 16 Sept

QuEST 16 Sept 2016

Couple of topics this week – there was the recent series of news articles on dogs understanding and dolphin language – and then continue our discussions on frequently asked questions

With Dogs, It’s What You Say — and How You Say It 

By JAMES GORMAN AUG. 29, 2016

Dogs that were trained to enter an M.R.I. machine for the research

Who’s a good dog?

Well, that depends on whom you’re asking, of course. But new research suggests that the next time you look at your pup, whether Maltese or mastiff, you might want to choose your words carefully.

“Both what we say and how we say it matters to dogs,” said Attila Andics, a research fellow at Eotvos Lorand University in Budapest.

Dr. Andics, who studies language and behavior in dogs and humans, along with Adam Miklosi and several other colleagues, reported in a paper to be published in this week’s issue of the journal Science that different parts of dogs’ brains respond to the meaning of a word, and to how the word is said, much as human brains do.

A dog waiting for its brain activity to be measured in a magnetic resonance imaging machine for research reported in the journal Science. As with people’s brains, parts of dogs’ left hemisphere react to meaning and parts of the right hemisphere to intonation — the emotional content of a sound. And, perhaps most interesting to dog owners, only a word of praise said in a positive tone really made the reward system of a dog’s brain light up. The experiment itself was something of an achievement. Dr. Andics and his colleagues trained dogs to enter a magnetic resonance imaging machine and lie in a harness while the machine recorded their brain activity. A trainer spoke words in Hungarian — common words of praise used by dog owners like “good boy,” “super” and “well done.” The trainer also tried neutral words like “however” and “nevertheless.” Both the praise word

And some related technical pubs:

Current Biology 24, 574–578, March 3, 2014 ª2014 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2014.01.058

Farago´ T, Andics A, Devecseri

V, Kis A, Ga´csi M, Miklo´si A. 2014 Humans rely on the same rules to assess emotional valence and intensity in conspecific and dog vocalizations.

Biol. Lett. 10: 20130926.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2013.0926

Dolphin article

The Telegraph http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2016/09/11/dolphins-recorded-having-a-conversation-for-first-time/

Dolphins recorded having a conversation ‘just like two people’ for first time

Definitions The continuation of the Frequently Asked Questions discussion:

Anytime we’ve engaged a new colleague on the topics that concern us in QuEST we have to go through a ‘break-in’ period where we converge on the meaning of words, or at least how we use those words in the QuEST discussions.  Recently in our interactions with the community on topics of Autonomy, Artificial Intelligence and Human-Machine teaming/Collaboration we’ve encountered this same barrier.  This week we want to discuss a Frequently Asked Questions approach to lowering that barrier.  So if you’ve ever been asked or wondered ‘What is Intelligence?’ or ‘What is Autonomy?’ or ‘What is artificial intelligence?’ or ‘What is reasoning?’ or ‘What is consciousness?’ or ‘Do machines understand me?’  ‘What is understanding?’ or ‘What is cognition?’ or thus ‘What is cognitive Electronic Warfare?’ …, we encourage you to engage with us this week as we provide a forum to generate a ‘self-consistent’ set of answers to these and many more FAQs and will take any questions from the group that we also need to add to the FAQ.

news-summary-28

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