Home > Uncategorized > Weekly QuEST Discussion Topics, 19 June

Weekly QuEST Discussion Topics, 19 June

Our colleague Robert P will present an update on his view of intuitive decision making

Objective: Provide a comprehensive review and analysis of much of the published literature on human reasoning and decision making that will impact the design and use of future human-machine systems. Background: Given the increased sophistication of human-machine systems likely to be developed in the future, knowledge about how humans actually reason and make decisions is critical for development of design criteria for such systems. Method: Reviewed articles and books cited in other works as well as those obtained from an Internet search. Works were deemed eligible if they were contemporary (published within the last 50 years) and common to a given literature. A total of 234 works were included in this review. Results: (1) Seven large, distinct literatures are reviewed, five on human reasoning and decision making, and one literature each on implicit learning and procedural memory. (2) This review reveals that human reasoning and decision making is dominated by intuitivecognition. (3) Future human-machine systems designed from a human-centric perspective, and based on intuitive cognition, can involve ‘joint semiosis’ (meaning making) by human and machine. Conclusion: Five principles are presented—three that deal with human reasoning and decision making, and two that deal with design of human-machine systems. Application: Consideration of how humans reason and make decisions, which is largely unconscious and intuitive, can provide insight for future design solutions for human-machine systems.

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