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Archive for July, 2012

Weekly QUEST Discussion Topics July 26, 2012

QUEST premise: Wingman solutions (solutions that a human can align with – interpredictability) require perceptual flexibility. Perceptual flexibility in the face of novelty requires consciousness! Consciousness is required to handle the unexpected query.

Consciousness defined: The generation of qualia – qualia are the parts of the internal representation that are introspectively available – introspection is a set of processes used during deliberation – deliberation is the set of processes that instantiate the defined properties of consciousness – thus consciousness is defined as the state of having part of the internal representation available for introspection and deliberation including one’s own existence, sensations (note not all sensory data evoke qualia – there is dramatic data reduction) and thoughts and of one’s environment.

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NO QUEST MEETING July 20th

With apologies we will cancel the QUEST meeting this week as Capt Amerika is on the road. The ongoing topic that we can virtually interact on:

The available data that an analyst can access to answer a question has dramatically increased – humans can only modestly improve their throughput using conventional decision aids – To achieve automation requires ‘conscious’ solutions – CHLOE – conscious hub for layered observation and exploitation.

QUEST premise: perceptual flexibility in the face of novelty requires consciousness!

• Situational Consciousness vs Situational awareness: most approaches suggest that generating an internal representation for a computer agent that replicates the key aspects of the environmental situation being observed will lead to decision aides that can correctly anticipate what is going to happen and thus lead to better decisions. In all of the approaches to computational intelligence the first step is to create an objective representation, behavioral and intent independent, of the environment. This is common in all staged models of data processing. Nature has taken the approach of generating an internal simulation (consciousness) where much of the content is inferred versus measured with sensors and is dominated by behavior and intent considerations. This conscious part of the representation has engineering properties that can be investigated to determine which are the key aspects for generating robust performance when presented with unexpected queries. We propose an experimental paradigm to tease out the engineering properties of human consciousness that lead to robust performance in analysis of intelligence data.

Weekly QUEST Discussion Topics, July 13th

QUEST Discussion Topics July 13

The available data that an analyst can access to answer a question has dramatically increased – humans can only modestly improve their throughput using conventional decision aids – To achieve automation requires ‘conscious’ solutions – CHLOE – conscious hub for layered observation and exploitation. QUEST premise: perceptual flexibility in the face of novelty requires consciousness!

• Situational Consciousness vs Situational awareness: most approaches suggest that generating an internal representation for a computer agent that replicates the key aspects of the environmental situation being observed will lead to decision aides that can correctly anticipate what is going to happen and thus lead to better decisions. In all of the approaches to computational intelligence the first step is to create an objective representation, behavioral and intent independent, of the environment. This is common in all staged models of data processing. Nature has taken the approach of generating an internal simulation (consciousness) where much of the content is inferred versus measured with sensors and is dominated by behavior and intent considerations. This conscious part of the representation has engineering properties that can be investigated to determine which are the key aspects for generating robust performance when presented with unexpected queries. We propose an experimental paradigm to tease out the engineering properties of human consciousness that lead to robust performance in analysis of intelligence data.

QUEST Discussion Topics and News, July 6

QUEST Discussion Topics and News July 6

Although we don’t expect a lot of people are around we will meet this week to continue our discussion on the ‘purpose of consciousness’. We will use several works discussed prior to guide the discussion.
1.) First there was an article that attempted to lay out a schema for cognitive systems from reactive up through deliberative systems: A deliberative system can easily get stuck in loops or repeat the same unsuccessful attempt to solve a sub-problem (one of the causes of stupidity in early symbolic AI programs with sophisticated reasoning mechanisms). One way to prevent this is to have a parallel subsystem monitoring and evaluating the deliberative processes. If it detects something bad happening, then it may be able to interrupt and re-direct the processing. We call this meta-management – VETO ABILITY following (Beaudoin 1994). (Compare Minsky on “B brains” and “C brains” in (Minsky 1987).
2.) Then there was our interaction with Prof Edelmann which provided a taxonomy associated with behavior and function etc.: Various properties of human consciousness can be identified at the neural, behavioral, and phenomenal levels [4]. *** we are seeking engineering properties of consciousness *** Neural correlates of human consciousness include the presence of thalamocortical signaling, fast, irregular, low-amplitude electroencephalographic (EEG) signals, and widespread cortical activity correlated with conscious contents [5–7]. At the behavioral level, consciousness has been associated with behavioral flexibility [8], rational action [9], and certain forms of conditioning [10]. These can be related to cognitive properties involving widespread access and associativity [8], multiple discriminations [11], and the capacity for accurate report [5]. These properties can be mapped to a variety of functions related to consciousness [12]. At the phenomenal level, human consciousness involves the presence of a sensorimotor scene, the existence of a first-person perspective, the experience of emotions, moods, and a sense of agency [13–14]. Also included an article on investigating animal consciousness: We illustrate our framework with reference to two subphyla: one relatively near to mammals – birds – and one quite far –cephalopod molluscs. Consistent with the possibility of conscious states, both subphyla exhibit complex behavior and possess sophisticated nervous systems. Their further investigation may reveal common phyletic conditions and neural substrates underlying the emergence of animal consciousness.
3.) Also the Koch article on when does consciousness arise – where he states: I wager that the fetus experiences nothing in utero; that it feels the way we do when we are in a deep, dreamless sleep.

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