Home > Uncategorized > Weekly QUEST DIscussion Topics and News, Aug 5th

Weekly QUEST DIscussion Topics and News, Aug 5th

QUEST Discussion Topics Aug 5

QUEST Discussion Topics
Aug 5, 2011

1.) Topic one is to continue the brainstorming session on the open source layered sensing simulation model and its potential use as the sys2 cognition engine for a quest agent. This week we hope to have the researchers from the Burka lab present and want to openly discuss last week’s ideas and extend them with the help of the Sensors people. One specific idea I want to go over is a QUEST version of a solution for the ‘KEVA’ problem. We had previously discussed the KEVA (knowledge engineered video analysis) solution from PNNL with characteristics – specifically I want to discuss just b. i. – index … and how we would architect a quest solution for this characteristic:
a. Transforms FMV data into a searchable index
i. Unique to all to all other technologies
ii. Can index large quantities of data at M2M speed
b. Current KEVA Capability:
i. Index, track, relocate objects of interest in stored and new still and streaming imagery
ii. Machine-to-Machine (M2M) speed
iii. Enables search, locate, track and pattern-of-life
iv. Web-enabled, utilized on mobile devices (iPAD, Smart Phone)
c. Future KEVA Capability:
i. Automatically extract, index and relocate people, objects, activities and behaviors
from still and moving imagery
ii. Auto-correlate with intelligence from other databases
iii. Operate in multiple domain (EO/IR/SAR)
iv. Identify individuals
The sorts of questions we would want to answer: Finding an OOI at various size and aspect angles – once an OOI has been chosen you can start a series of link generations (what frames are it in, what entities is it associated with – situation based analysis, on multiple soda straws simultaneously…) What road is it on – how did it get there – are there other cars ‘associated’ with it – did it stop anywhere? Find it where ever it is in a stored data set – also extract the ‘situations’ that define those located data sets

2.) Topic two is the recent Sci Amer ‘Mind’ issue July 2011, a word doc with some snippets from some of the articles can be provided to stimulate discussion. The topics include:
a. The Colchester Zoo in England is home to a community of man- drills, the largest of the mon- keys. One of these mandrills, a female namedMilly, began covering her eyes with her hand when she was three. A dozen years later Milly and her zoo mates continue to perform this gesture, which appears to mean “do not disturb.” The signal is the first gesture with cultural roots reported in monkeys.
b. Successful batters often report that the base- ball looked “huge” just before they hit a home run. This effect, dubbed action-specific perception, has been noted for years in all kinds of physical activities. Yet questions remain about why the illusion happens. Some experts say it is a consequence of imagining the action before you make a move
c. Solving a problem is easier when it belongs to someone else – Need to solve a tough problem? A study published online February 11 in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin suggests you are more likely to succeed if you solve it on another person’s behalf.
d. Father’s Brains – For a dad, the scent of a child, along with physical contact, appears to be pivotal to making new neurons grow. Those neurons form the foundation of a lasting bond between father and child – The challenges of child care are likely to be good sources of stress. The hormones induced by good stress can stimulate the growth of new brain cells.
e. The maternal brain – Because the maternal brain emerges gradually, the construc- tion site it becomes in the interim can cause some problems for its owner. Some mothers complain of fuzzy-headedness, and cer- tain data even show minor brain shrinkage during pregnancy. But the compensations are great. Research suggests that moth- erhood enhances certain types of cognition, improves resistance to stress and sharpens some kinds of memory. On the face of it, the fact that the nervous system manages to transform a new mother from a self-centered organism into an other-focused caregiver is actually quite impressive.
f. Infant math – Most children start counting after the age of two, after observing much tallying done by parents, siblings and television characters. By watching others count, 18-month-old babies acquire a sense of numbers long before they can speak
g. Intelligence and mortality – By sifting through such data, we and other re- searchers in this area have uncovered a new predictor of how long people live: the scores they obtain on an intelligence test when they are at a young age. The findings are unequivocal, although few health practitioners are aware of them. The lower a person’s measured intelligence, the greater that individual’s risk of living a shorter time, developing both mental and physical ailments later in life and dying from cardiovascular disease, suicide or an accident. More sur- prising still is that low intelligence is a stronger predictor than several better- known risk factors for illness and death, such as obesity and high blood pressure.
h. Continued influence of misinformation – This result shows that “even if you understand, remember and believe the retractions, this misinformation will still affect your inferences
i. Painful pessimism – The subjects indicated that their pain was much less intense and unpleasant when they believed they were receiving the painkiller than when they thought they were not, even though the infusion had been constant. In fact, when they expected their pain to increase because they thought the infusion had been halted, that dismal outlook obliterated any benefit of the painkiller—their pain was the same as it was in the first, drug-free trial.
j. Power of negative thinking – Can our expectations for the future change how we remember the past? According to a new study published in the Journal of Experimental Psychology, they can—we remember unpleasant experiences more negatively if we expect to endure them again
k. Reflections on the mind – latest ramachandran work – interesting my Dodge gym ‘self’ test is in there – Now try the following experiments. While continuing to look in the mirror on the right side and keeping your left hand perfectly still, move your right hand, wiggle its fingers or make a fist. The “left hand” in the mirror will appear to move in perfect synchrony with the right but, paradoxically, feel completely still. The conflict creates a slight jolt; it feels spooky, sometimes mildly uncomfortable. The brain abhors discrepancies.*** this is my dodge gym test **** Now do the opposite; keep the right hand still and move the left hand. The left hand appears still but feels like it is mov- ing. You will feel the same kind of jarring sensation, but it will be less powerful than
l. Self control – Past studies have reported that self-control is partially inherited and partially learned and that those with less self-control are more likely to be unemployed, engage in unhealthy behaviors such as overeating, and live a shorter life
m. Bilingual advantage – found that four- to five- year-old bilingual children showed more creativity than did their monolingual peers when asked to draw a fantastical house or flower. The monolingual children tended to draw flowers with missing petals or leaves, whereas the bilingual children drew imag- inary hybrids, such as a “kite-flower” and a “robot- house,” indicating a superior ability to grasp ab- stract concepts
n. Healing power of touch – . Recently a team of neuroscientists stumbled on a very low tech way to completely prevent stroke damage in rats: tickle their whiskers
o. Partner paradox – These experiments make it sound as if having a wingman (or -woman) is a disadvantage. But not so fast….Fitzsimons and Finkel suggest there could a surprising trade-off: because we are investing more in our relationships, we might well end up possessing more discipline for a couple’s shared goals. In the end, the partnership benefits
p. Third hand illusion – although the classic rubber hand illusion can convince people to adopt a fake hand as their own when one of their real hands is hidden from view. Researchers at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm have added a strange new twist to this experiment, persuading volunteers to believe that they have three hands rather than two
q. Thinking by design – Each person’s aesthetic taste seems distinct, and yet that perception belies a large body of shared preferences
r. Written all over his face – interesting discussion including a person with “mirror-touch synesthesia.”

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